Feuchtwanger, Marta

SKU: AUT2183


Marta Feuchtwanger was born Marta Loeffler on (December 21, 1891 in Germany - Died Santa Monica Ca. in 1987). Both Marta and Lion also helped others persecuted by the Nazis to escape from Europe.  Autograph Slip Signed, n.d. -  3 1/2 x 1/2 written in blk ink overall, very fine condition

"Marta Feuchtwanger - American - Author Slip Signed - Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist and playwright. A prominent figure in the literary world of Weimar Germany, he influenced contemporaries including playwright Bertolt Brecht.Feuchtwanger's fierce criticism of the Nazi Party-years before it assumed power-ensured that he would be a target of government-sponsored persecution after Adolf Hitler's appointment as chancellor of Germany in January 1933. Following a brief period of internment in France, and a harrowing escape from Continental Europe, he sought asylum in the United States, where he died in 1958.

Feuchtwanger is often praised for his efforts to expose the brutality of the Nazis and occasionally criticized for his failure to acknowledge supposed brutality of the Soviets and the Communist Party under Joseph Stalin. -After some success as a playwright, Feuchtwanger shifted his emphasis to the historical novel . His most successful work in this genre was Jud Süß (written 1921-22, published 1925), which was well-received internationally. His second great success was The Ugly Duchess Margarete Maultasch . For professional reasons, he moved to Berlin in 1925, and then to a large villa in Grunewald in 1932. In that same year, he published the first part of the trilogy Josephus The Jewish War .Opposition to the Nazis"

"Feuchtwanger was one of the very first to recognize and warn against the dangers of Hitler and the Nazi Party. As early as 1920 published in the satirical text Conversations with the Wandering Jew, a vision of what would later become the reality of anti-Semitic racist mania:
Towers of Hebrew books were burned, and bonfires were erected high up in the clouds, and people burnt, innumerable priests and voices sang: Gloria in excelsis Deo. Traits of men, women, children dragged themselves across the square from all sides, they were naked or in rags, and they had nothing with them as corpses and the tatters of book rolls of torn, disgraced, soiled with feces Books roles. And they followed men and women in kaftans and dresses the children in our day, countless, endless. -

When France declared war on Germany in 1939, Feuchtwanger was interned for a few weeks at Les Milles (Camp des Milles). When the Germans invaded France in 1940, Feuchtwanger was captured and again imprisoned at Les Milles.9 Later, the prisoners of Les Milles were moved to a makeshift tent camp near Nîmes due to the advance of German troops. From there he was smuggled to Marseilles disguised as a woman. After months of waiting in Marseilles, he was able to flee with his wife Marta to the United States via Spain and Portugal.

He escaped with the help of Marta; Varian Fry, an American journalist who helped refugees escape from occupied France; Hiram Bingham IV, US Vice Consul in Marseilles; the Rev. Waitstill and Mrs. Martha Sharp, a Unitarian minister and his wife who were in Europe on a similar mission as Fry.

The Rev. Sharp volunteered to accompany Feuchtwanger by rail from Marseilles across Spain to Lisbon. If Feuchtwanger had been recognized at border crossings in France or Spain, he would have been detained and turned over to the Gestapo. Realizing that Feuchtwanger was still not out of reach of the Nazis even in Portugal, Martha Sharp gave up her own berth on the Excalibur so Feuchtwanger could sail immediately for New York City with her husband.