Graupner, Johann Christian Gottlieb
"Title: General Washington's March
Statement of Responsibility: composed by Gottlieb Graupner at his Mufical Academy
Composer: Johnann Christian
Publisher: Boston, Franklin Street
Date: ca. 1803"
"Physical Description: 1 leaf of music; 35 cm.
Instrumentation: For piano and/or flute.
Note: Caption title.
Subject: Library of Congress - War Marches (Piano); War Marchs (Flutes (2)).
Scores: Popular instrumental music -- United States -- To 1803.; Presidents -- United States -- Election -- 1800 -- Songs and music.
Spencer Subject: Presidents March into War Johann Christian Gottlieb Graupner (1767-1836) was a musician, composer, educator and publisher. Born in Hanover, Germany, he played oboe in Joseph Haydn's orchestra in London. After moving to the United States in the 1790s, he co-founded the Philharmonic Society (ca.1810-1825) and the Handel and Haydn Society (est.1815) in Boston, Massachusetts.
Some historians call Graupner "the father of Negro songs." One historian of jazz writes: "In 1795...Graupner...arrived in Charleston, Virginia, from Hanover, Germany, listened to banjo music and Negro songs, and learned. In 1799, donning blackface, he introduced himself as 'The Gay Negro Boy' in an interlude between acts at the Federal Street Theatre in Boston. This was the beginning of Negro minstrels and minstrelsy."
In 1810 he organized the Boston Philharmonic Society to perform classical music in reaction to the non-classical syncopation of the fuguing tunes of William Billings. He became "the musical oracle of Boston" from 1798 until the 1815 when he was among the founding members of the Handel and Haydn Society. Around 1816 he directed the orchestra at Washington Gardens. He played concerts in Boston at the Columbian Museum, Conservatory Hall, and other venues in Boston and around New England. His wife, opera singer Catherine Comoford Hillier, also performed frequently.
As a music publisher, Graupner promoted the popular Rudiments of the Art of Playing on the Piano-Forte (Boston, 1806; 2nd ed., 1819), one of the earliest such volumes published in the United States, and possibly the first. He also published sheet music by numerous composers including Henry Bishop, John Braham, John Clarke Whitfield, Muzio Clementi, John Davy, Johann Dussek, James Hook, Michael Kelly, George Kiallmark, Thomas Moore, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Francis Panormo, William Parsons, David Dean Roche, John Ross, Oliver Shaw, John Stevenson.
In Boston Graupner ran a music store at no. 6 Franklin Street, where he also lived. The store later moved to Marlboro Street and towards the end of his life he lived in Province House Court. He died in Boston in 1836. "