Gorman, Arthur Pue

SKU: PH351


Arthur Pue Gorman (March 11, 1839 – June 4, 1906) was a United States Senator from Maryland, serving from 1881 to 1899 and from 1903 to 1906. He also served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1869 to 1875, and the Maryland State Senate to 1881. He was a prominent leader of the Democratic Party and later served as a member of the "Mills Commission" which investigated the origins of baseball.  Photograph Signed, n.d. -  4 x 5 1/2 mounted 4 1/2 x 6  B/W - signed in bold blk ink from Washington D.C. C.M. Bell Co.  Noted, a normal yellowish tent hue seen on photo. Overall, fine condition. 

Gorman became friends with Illinois senator Stephen A. Douglas (famous regular Democratic presidential candidate in the split Election of 1860 versus Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln whom he earlier debated in a series of debates for the Illinois seat in the U.S. Senate), who made him his private secretary. Gorman subsequently served the U.S. Senate in various offices as page, messenger, Assistant Doorkeeper, Assistant Postmaster, and finally Postmaster.

At the age of 20 in 1859, Gorman was one of the founding members of the Washington Nationals Base Ball Club, the first official baseball team in America, and rose to become a star by the end of the Civil War era. Eventually he would become president of the National Association of Base Ball Players. 

In September 1866, Gorman was removed from his Senate Office of Postmaster and was immediately appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for the Fifth Congressional District of Maryland. 

Gorman was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1869, serving until 1875; he served as Speaker of the House for one session. In 1875, he was elected to the Maryland State Senate, serving until 1881. 

In 1880, Gorman was elected to the United States Senate, where he soon became a leader of the Bourbon Democrat wing of the Democratic Party. The New York Times reported the election was influenced by large groups of “ward rounders” who shot and wounded black Republican voters at the Howard County polls. 

Death and legacy: 

Gorman served as a U.S. senator until his death from a heart attack in Washington, D.C. on June 4, 1906. He had been ill with stomach trouble and hadn’t left his Washington house since mid-January. Gorman, Maryland and Gormania, West Virginia, are named after him, as is Gorman Road in North Laurel. An elementary school near this road is named "Gorman Crossing".