Lynchburg, Virginia 1857 (Bill of Sales)
The Family Business of the Brother’s Younger & Smith Chandler from Lynchburg, Virginia -- during the pre-American Civil War era. The sales of general good such as Coffee, Whiskey, Cotten, and Sacks was common amoung business slave ownership. These products came from the Chandler’s Family Fields with the legal rights to own slaves to work on them.The business was close to the James River where bootleging was a common place for making Moonshine and Whiskey. It was possible that the Chandler's were doing business with the Farewell's of Lynchburg during that time. Document Signed, 08/14/1857 - 7 1/2 x 5 1/2 Folio: written in blk ink on fine line dye pale blue rag-like parchment with a family embossed seal of 'C.C.' probably Cary Chandler. On verso, the goods of fresh tobacco and farm goods are present; with some faxing and staning seen. Plus, a four-fold crease and wearor slight fading on ink. Overall, very good condition.
Lynchburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.A part of Monacan country upon the arrival of English settlers in Virginia, the region had traditionally been occupied by them and other Siouan Tutelo-speaking tribes since ca. 1270, driving Virginia Algonquians eastward.
Lynchburg was established by charter in 1786 at the site of Lynch's Ferry on the James River. These new easy means of transportation routed traffic through Lynchburg, and allowed it to become the new center of commerce for tobacco trading. In 1810, Jefferson wrote, "Lynchburg is perhaps the most rising place in the U.S.... It ranks now next to Richmond in importance..."
Lynchburg became a center of commerce and manufacture in the 19th century, and by the 1850s, Lynchburg (along with New Bedford, Mass.) was one of the richest towns per capita in the U.S.
The chief industries were tobacco, iron and steel. Transportation facilities included the James River Bateau on the James River, and later, the James River and Kanawha Canal and, still later, four railroads, including the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad and the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad.
During the American Civil War, Lynchburg, which served as a Confederate supply base, was approached within 1-mile (1.6 km) by the Union forces of General David Hunter as he drove south from the Shenandoah Valley.
Under the false impression that the Confederate forces stationed in Lynchburg were much larger than anticipated, Hunter was repelled by the forces of Confederate General Jubal Early on June 18, 1864, in the Battle of Lynchburg.
To create the false impression, a train was continuously run up and down the tracks while the citizens of Lynchburg cheered as if reinforcements were unloading. Local prostitutes took part in the deception, misinforming their Union clients of the large number of Confederate reinforcements.