1860ís American Civil War Envelope Cover Works of Art & Propaganda
Original & Rare Civil War Cover-Envelope "STRAYED" Text reads: "From the neighborhood of Boonville, Mo an unruly JACK who was frightened by the sudden appearance of a lion, his jockey one PRICE being made very sick by the same appearance. He is of no value whatever and only a low PRICE can be given for his capture.- Sam." Printed & Published by: Ehrgott & Forbriger of Cincinnati, as a full size, Currier & Ives type Lithograph. Anti-Confederate American Civil War Illustrated Cover-Envelope copyright 1861, - 5 1/2 x 3 1/8. Blk. die ink, printed on early American made envelope with flap and full gum on verso; a lovely organic light golden-browning hue seen with no abrasion. Overall, fine/very fine condition condition.
This historical and rare American Civil War Patriotic Cover printed in 1861, cache across the top edge that features an image typical of a Satirical Political-Editorial Cartoon Lithograph; many were published during the Presidential Campaigns from the 1830’s through the 1870’s. This satirical was titled “STRAYED” and it depicts Confederate General Sterling Price leading a Jackass who has been spooked by a lion. Behind the lion there is a massive force of Union troops and behind Price and his Jackass there are fleeing confederate sympathizers.
The printing and publications of pre-American Civil War envelopes began as early as the mid-1850’s, when north-south divisions began to take shape, but ended prior to the war's conclusion because most believed that it was too indulgent and expensive to continue production in a time of war.
These Civil War envelopes, some of which have been called early versions of pictorial postcards, were very popular with collectors of patriotic propaganda.
The subjects illustrated on these envelopes varied from the Stars and Bars of the Confederacy, to caricatures of important war heroes. Though popular with collectors, these envelopes are a very underutilized source of Civil War iconography. The majority of the envelopes are about 3 x 5” in size, and were published in nearly all of the major cities, with New York and Boston being the largest producers.
In 1861 and the years that followed, many American men found themselves far from home. Farmhands from rural New York walked the streets of Washington, D.C., serving in the Union Army of the Potomac. Boys from Maine, fought in the forests of Virginia. More than 2.6 million men joined the Union Army over the course of the war, while roughly a million joined the Confederate forces.
The volume of mail ticked upward with letters to distant homes, and when it was time to send a letter, soldiers and civilians alike reached for a new kind of envelope, freshly printed and decorated with red and blue flags, delicate engravings of eagles, poems about the girl left behind, or the faces of generals, whom people at home might never have seen.
There were many such envelopes to choose from: over the course of the war, 10,000 or more Union designs were printed up, says Steven Boyd, a historian from Univ. of Texas, San Antonio. During the War Between the States, you could buy a hundred or more different designs in a single packet for one dollar.
These patterns range from simple flags and mottos to macabre revenge fantasies, with the hanged bodies of Southern generals lining the road to Washington. For a brief period at the beginning of the war, envelopes and/or covers were printed in the Confederacy as well, and Southerners could send letters with a portrait of Jefferson Davis, “Our First President,” or any number of depictions of the new nation’s flag.
In the South, pro-Confederate envelopes were being sold even before the first shots were fired, says Trish Kaufmann, a collector and expert on Confederate postal history. “They were the dissidents, the ones trying to drum up patriotic fervor” first, she pointed out.
Again, envelopes, featuring the original Confederate flag—with seven white stars on a blue rectangle and a red-and-white-striped background—flew off the presses. When new states seceded, rushed printers scratched in new stars or just small crosses on their plates to update the flag.
The South was not a manufacturing society, and it had to import it’s paper, as well as inks, from England also, from the North at times. With a Union blockade keeping ships from reaching Confederate ports, paper was soon scarce and by 1863, very few envelopes were being printed.
As a result, there are envelopes or covers with portraits of General P.G.T. Beauregard, an early Confederate hero, but none of General Robert E. Lee or General Stonewall Jackson, as these two generals rose to prominence during the second half of the American Civil War.